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More information on the awards listed below can be found here

Alexander Agassiz Medal
Honors an original contribution in the science of oceanography. Presented with a $20,000 prize.

Arctowski Medal
Honors an outstanding contributions to the study of solar physics and solar terrestrial relationships. Presented with an award of $100,000, plus $100,000 to support research in solar physics and solar terrestrial relationships at an institution of the recipient's choice.

Arthur L. Day Prize and Lectureship
Honors lasting contributions to the study of the physics of the Earth and whose lectures will provide solid, timely, and useful additions to the knowledge and literature in the field. Presented with a $50,000 prize and funds to present a series of Day Lectures. 

James Prize in Science and Technology Integration
Honors outstanding contributions made by researchers who are able to adopt or adapt information or techniques from outside of their fields, and thus integrate knowledge from two or more disciplines (e.g., engineering, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, biomedicine, geosciences, astronomy, or computational sciences) to solve a major contemporary challenge not addressable from a single disciplinary perspective. Presented with a $50,000 prize.

Michael and Sheila Held Prize
Honors an outstanding, recent (within the previous 8 years) work in combinational and discrete optimization, or related parts of computer science. Presented with a $100,000 prize. 

NAS Award for Chemistry in Service to Society
Honors contributions to chemistry, either in fundamental science or its application, that clearly satisfy a societal need. The 2023 award is presented to chemists working in industry with a $20,000 prize.

NAS Award for Scientific Discovery
Honors an accomplishment or discovery in basic research, achieved within the previous five years, that is expected to have a significant impact on biochemistry, biophysics, or chemistry by a scientist at a university, college, or other research institution within the United States. This award is presented with a medal, a $50,000 prize, and $50,000 to support the recipient’s research.

NAS Award for the Industrial Application of Science
Honors original scientific work of intrinsic scientific importance and with significant, beneficial applications in industry. The 2023 award is presented in the field of material sciences with a $25,000 prize.

NAS Award in Chemical Sciences
Honors innovative research in the chemical sciences that contributes to the better understanding of the natural sciences and to the benefit of humanity. Presented with a $15,000 prize.

NAS Award in Molecular Biology
Honors a recent notable discovery in molecular biology by a young scientist (no older than 50) who is a citizen of the United States. Presented with a $25,000 prize.

NAS Prize in Food and Agriculture Sciences
Honors a mid-career (defined as up to 20 years since completion of PhD) individual researcher at a U.S. institution who has made an extraordinary contribution to understanding the fundamental biology of an agriculturally important species and/or has had a major impact on agriculture. Presented with a $100,000 prize.

NAS Public Welfare Medal
Honors extraordinary use of science for the public good. The Public Welfare Medal is the Academy's most prestigious award.

Pradel Research Award
Honors mid-career neuroscientists whose work is making major contributions to our understanding of the nervous system. Presented with $50,000 to support neuroscience research.

Richard Lounsbery Award
Honors young (no older than 45) French and American scientists to recognize extraordinary scientific achievement in biology and medicine. Presented with a $75,000 prize.

Selman A. Waksman Award in Microbiology
Honors a major advance in the field of microbiology. Presented with a $20,000 prize. 

Troland Research Awards
Honors unusual achievement by early-career researchers (preferably no older than 45) to further empirical research in psychology regarding relationships of consciousness and the physical world. Two awards are presented with $75,000 to support recipient’s research.